The Goldfields-Nullarbor subegion of the Western Australian Rangelands covers an area larger than 930,000 square kilometres. It is bordered by the South West Region and Southern Ocean in the south, the Murchison subregion and Desert subregion in the North, the South West Region to the west and South Australia to the east.

According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, around 44,000 people lived in the Goldfields-Nullarbor subregion in 2011, with a significant proportion of this population being Aboriginal people.

Prior to European settlement, the Goldfields-Nullarbor subregion was used for thousands of years by the Aboriginal people. In the late nineteenth century European development and economic exploration of the subregion began. In the 1880s and 1890s gold was discovered in the subregion.

The Goldfields-Nullarbor subregion’s primary economic activities include mining, agriculture, fishing, forestry, manufacturing, construction and tourism; however, economic activity of the subregion is overwhelmingly dominated by mining, particularly gold and nickel mining. Although mining dominates the subregion in monetary terms, the most extensive land-use is pastoralism. Native Title has been declared over lands occupied by the Ngaanyatjarra and Tjuntjuntjarra communities and their residents.

Aboriginal artists from the Goldfields are world-renowned for their dot paintings and glass blowing, both of which have found important markets in Europe.